The main function of the carburetor is to atomize the liquid fuel into a gas for combustion creating the power stroke of the engine. On an alternate downward stroke of the piston, air is drawn through the venturi increasing its velocity, in turn creating a vacuum that draws fuel from a jet. The air and fuel are atomize in the venturi and delivered to the combustion chamber for the compression stroke and ignition
The throttle plate manages the amount of air flow that is delivered to the engine and is controlled by the "Throttle Lever" and "Accelerator" inside the cab.
Pulling on the Carburetor Adjustment Knob, often called the GAV (Gas Air Valve) inside the cab opens and closes the Choke Plate. Turning the GAV enriches or leans the fuel mixture flowing through the "Cap Jet".
When the engine is started with the choke closed a greater vacuum is formed, pulling in a larger amount of fuel.
The “Compensating Jet” is inside the fuel bowl and empties into the “Secondary Well” which is open to the air. The “Cap Jet” connects with the “Secondary Well”. The “Cap Jet” can only draw as much fuel as the “Compensating Jet” will allow, regardless of the amount of suction.
The "Cap Jet" has an additional fuel supply from the "Fuel Bowl". The flow rate of the fuel to the "Cap Jet" is controlled inside the cab with the "GAV" adjustment knob. Turning it left (towards the driver) enriches the fuel mixture for the "Cap Jet". The "Cap Jet" is used at low speeds.
The “Main Jet” is connected directly to the "Fuel Bowl". It acts like a straw; the stronger the suction the greater amount of fuel will be supplied. The "Main Jet" kicks in and helps out the "Cap Jet" at higher speeds. When cruising, the "Cap Jet" can be leaned out (turn right) to conserve on fuel.
Idling occurs when the "Throttle Plate" is partially open. A vacuum above the plate is created, drawing air through a small hole, which pulls the gas from the secondary well through the "Idle Jet".